China: an emerging destination for economic migration

Skeldon, Ronald (2012) China: an emerging destination for economic migration. Migration Information Source. ISSN 1946-4037

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Abstract

In the past few decades, China has undergone enormous political, economic, and demographic changes that have transformed the realities of migration to and from the country. In addition to large flows of emigrants leaving in search of opportunities elsewhere and the persisting, more traditional streams of internal migrants for which China is known, a new trend of immigration to the fast-developing country is emerging.

The driving force behind the recent trend of immigration to China — the world's most populous nation — has been the country’s rapid economic growth, compounded by its passage through a demographic transition. The growth of the Chinese labor force is slowing drastically at a time of mounting demand for labor, and this fact has increased pressure on wages and the country’s aging population.

The full impact of these demographic and economic changes on immigration remains to be seen. It is too early to see any evidence of an emerging "turnaround" in which net emigration gives way to net immigration; a trend seen in other rapidly growing economies in East Asia.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > Geography
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic theory. Demography > HB0848 Demography. Population. Vital events
Depositing User: Ronald Skeldon
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2012 09:29
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 13:33
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/39847
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