International relations in the making of political Islam: interrogating Khomeini's ‘Islamic government’

Matin, Kamran (2012) International relations in the making of political Islam: interrogating Khomeini's ‘Islamic government’. Journal of International Relations and Development. pp. 1-28. ISSN 1408-6980

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Abstract

Eurocentric approaches to political Islam tend to deploy an internalist methodology that theoretically obscures the generative and constitutive role of international relations. This article addresses this problem through a critical application of Leon Trotsky's idea of ‘uneven and combined development’ to Ayatollah Khomeini's invention of the concept of ‘Islamic government’. It argues that this concept was international in its socio-political stimulus and intellectual content, and, crucially, reflected, influenced, and mobilised an emergent liminal sociality that combined Western and Islamic socio-cultural forms. This heterogeneous character of Iran's experience of modernity is, the article argues, theoretically inaccessible to Eurocentric approaches’ homogeneous and unilinear conceptions of history, which, as a result, generate exceptionalist modes of explanations.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Online First Publication
Keywords: eurocentrism; international relations; Iran; Islamic government; Khomeini; uneven and combined development
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > International Relations
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP001 Islam
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
J Political Science > JQ Political institutions and public administration (Asia, Africa, Australia, Pacific Area, etc.) > JQ0021 Asia > JQ1758 Middle East Including Turkey, Iran, Israel, Arabian Peninsula
J Political Science > JZ International relations
L Education > LG Individual institutions (Asia. Africa. Oceania) > LG021 Asia > LG291 Iran
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Depositing User: Kamran Matin
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2012 08:57
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2017 16:41
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/39766

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