The development of minority education at the south-easternmost corner of the EU: the case of Muslim Turks in Western Thrace, Greece

Huseyinoglu, Ali (2012) The development of minority education at the south-easternmost corner of the EU: the case of Muslim Turks in Western Thrace, Greece. Doctoral thesis (DPhil), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

This study focuses on the Muslim Turkish minority in Greece and the
development of its educational rights. It starts with the 1923 Lausanne Treaty that
established the minorityhood of the Muslim ummah for the former Ottoman territory
and explores various aspects of Minority education between then and the end of the
2000s.

While doing so, it treats these rights as individual rights with a collective aspect;
some of the individual rights of minorities can only be enjoyed together with others.
Also, it draws a direct correlation between the Minority’s education and its rights. That
is, in the case that the education level of the Minority was high, there was less
discrimination against members of the Minority, since they had the linguistic skills,
educational background and self-confidence to fight against violations of their rights by
the host country, Greece. Also, it emphasizes the involvement of external actors in the
development of Minority education in Western Thrace.

Concerning the development of Minority education, this study argues that
minorities’ rights are not only ‘given’ by host states but also ‘claimed’ by members of
minorities through various struggles at the local, national and international level. Also,
as well as the Minority and the Greek state, various external agents, such as Turkey and
the European Union, are also involved in the struggle between the Minority and the
Greek state over the former’s education. The impact of these agents on the survival of
the Minority’s educational rights was immense, particularly from the 1980s onwards. It
was primarily the inclusion of these external actors that pushed Greece to change its
discriminatory policy against the Minority in 1991.

This study demonstrates that a number of the individual rights emanating from
the Minority’s Greek citizenship have only been recognized since 1991. Nonetheless, I
conclude that in spite of some improvements, the Minority’s difficulties in the realm of
rights with collective aspects, such as education of Minority students in a bilingual
environment, persist.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > International Relations
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DF History of Greece > DF701 Modern Greece
L Education > LC Special aspects of education > LC0065 Social aspects of education > LC0189 Educational sociology > LC0213 Educational equalisation. Right to education
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 31 May 2012 15:02
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2015 14:08
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/39339

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