Accumulation and localisation of sodium ions within the shoots of rice (Oryza sativa) varieties differing in salinity resistance

Yeo, A R and Flowers, T J (1982) Accumulation and localisation of sodium ions within the shoots of rice (Oryza sativa) varieties differing in salinity resistance. Physiologia Plantarum, 56 (3). pp. 343-348. ISSN 0031-9317

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Abstract

Oryza sativa L. (rice) is a salt-sensitive crop species which is relatively ineffective in controlling the influx of sodium and chloride ions to the shoot. Nonetheless, there is considerable varietal and individual variability in salinity resistance, much of which must derive, therefore, from differences in the fates and subsequent effects of saline ions after they have entered the plant. The destination of sodium ions within the plant has been investigated, in saline conditions, by examining the time-course of sodium ion concentrations in different leaves of four varieties and breeding lines of rice of differing salinity resistance. Radionuclide tracers were employed to study short term effects and the degree of retranslocation of these sodium ions. Sodium was not distributed uniformly but accumulated in the older leaves before the younger ones. At least some leaves were maintained at sub-lethal salt concentrations in at least the more salt resistant varieties. Radionuclide tracer studies showed that the discontinuous distribution of sodium (from leaf to leaf) is constitutive, and cannot be explained by time of exposure or differential leaf growth rates, and that significant quantities of sodium were not subsequently retranslocated, either within the plant or to the root medium.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 122 Yeo, ar flowers, tj
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Evolution, Behaviour and Environment
Subjects: Q Science
Depositing User: Catrina Hey
Date Deposited: 04 May 2012 09:47
Last Modified: 04 May 2012 09:47
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/39214
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