Determination of free space, growth, solute concentrations and parameters of water relations of suspension-cultured tobacco cells

Dracup, M, Gibbs, J, Stuiver, C E E, Greenway, H and Flowers, T J (1986) Determination of free space, growth, solute concentrations and parameters of water relations of suspension-cultured tobacco cells. Plant Cell & Environment, 9 (9). pp. 693-701. ISSN 0140-7791

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Abstract

Methods were developed for measuring water content of the free space of suspension-cultured tobacco cells using 3H- or 14C-sorbitol. Sorbitol was not taken up by cells in significant quantities over the 3 min taken to label free space. Free space accounted for 50–60% of the water content of cell pellets irrespective of whether 3H- or 14-C-sorbitol was used. 14C-inulin labelled 13.5% less of the water in cell pellets than 3H-sorbitol, probably due to inadequate penetration by inulin into the free space in the cell wall matrix and within clumps of cells. Measurement of free space is necessary for measuring growth on a fresh or dry weight basis, solute concentrations and parameters of water relations of cells. Techniques for making these measurements on tobacco cells were also developed in this study.

Solutes were measured after extraction from cells by expressing sap or by boiling cells in ethanol. Similar solute concentrations were found using both methods of extraction. By expressing sap from cells grown in culture medium with an osmotic pressure of 0.24 MPa, the cells were found to have an internal osmotic pressure of 0.70 MPa. Glucose, fructose, sucrose, amino acids and K+ accounted for 60% of this osmotic pressure. Elastic moduli were estimated using the Boyle-Van't Hoff relationship after suspending cells in solutions with different osmotic pressures and assessing their water content or internal osmotic pressure. For two different lines of tobacco cells, elastic modulus varied between 1 MPa and 5.4 MPa at turgor pressures of 0.15–0.52 MPa (line 1) and between 0.2 MPa and 4.2 MPa at turgor pressures of 0.04–0.26 MPa (line 2).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 14 Dracup, m gibbs, j stuiver, cee greenway, h flowers, tj
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Evolution, Behaviour and Environment
Subjects: Q Science
Depositing User: Catrina Hey
Date Deposited: 22 May 2012 13:16
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2012 17:12
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/39035
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