Aviation and the environment in the context of the EU-US Open Skies agreement

Mayor, Karen and Tol, Richard S J (2009) Aviation and the environment in the context of the EU-US Open Skies agreement. Journal of Air Transport Management, 15 (2). pp. 90-95. ISSN 0969-6997

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Abstract

We examine the impacts of the EU-US Open Skies agreement on the environment on emissions from the aviation sector. We use the Hamburg Tourism Model of domestic and international tourist numbers and flows, to estimate these impacts. The Open Aviation Area will result in increased competition between carriers and falls in the cost of transatlantic flights. This will not only have implications for the size and structure of the industry but also for climate policy. The paper assesses what effects the expected increases in passenger numbers will have on CO2 emissions and tests whether this increase in travel will result in a corresponding rise in emissions. Simulations show that passenger numbers arriving from the US to the EU will increase by between 1% and 14% depending on the magnitude of the price reductions because of substitution between destinations, the percentage increase in global emissions is much smaller (max. 1%) than the increase in cross-Atlantic traffic.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > Economics
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences > GE170 Environmental policy
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation. Leisure
H Social Sciences > HB Economic theory. Demography
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and communications > HE9761 Air transportation. Airlines
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Richard Tol
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2012 09:02
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2012 17:11
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/38279
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