The direct impact of climate change on regional labor productivity

Kjellstrom, Tord, Kovats, R Sari, Lloyd, Simon J, Holt, Tom and Tol, Richard S J (2009) The direct impact of climate change on regional labor productivity. Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health, 64 (4). pp. 217-227. ISSN 1933-8244

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Abstract

Global climate change will increase outdoor and indoor heat loads, and may impair health and productivity for millions of working people. This study applies physiological evidence about effects of heat, climate guidelines for safe work environments, climate modeling, and global distributions of working populations to estimate the impact of 2 climate scenarios on future labor productivity. In most regions, climate change will decrease labor productivity, under the simple assumption of no specific adaptation. By the 2080s, the greatest absolute losses of population-based labor work capacity (in the range 11% to 27%) are seen under the A2 scenario in Southeast Asia, Andean and Central America, and the Caribbean. Increased occupational heat exposure due to climate change may significantly impact on labor productivity and costs unless preventive measures are implemented. Workers may need to work longer hours, or more workers may be required, to achieve the same output and there will be economic costs of lost production and/or occupational health interventions against heat exposures.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > Economics
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0791 Medical geography. Medical climatology and meteorology
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Depositing User: Richard Tol
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2012 11:07
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2012 17:11
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/38262
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