Measuring the knowledge base of regional innovation systems in Germany in terms of a Triple Helix dynamics.

Leydesdorff, Loet and Fritsch, Michael (2006) Measuring the knowledge base of regional innovation systems in Germany in terms of a Triple Helix dynamics. Research Policy, 35 (10). pp. 1538-1553. ISSN 0048-7333

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Abstract

The interaction among the three sub-dynamics of economic exchange, technological innovation, and institutional control can be captured with a generalized Triple Helix model. We propose to use the information contained in the configuration among the three sub-dynamics as an indicator of the synergy in a configuration. This measure indicates the reduction of the uncertainty which prevails at the level of an innovation system. On the basis of data at the district level in Germany, the conclusions of a previous study about the Netherlands are tested: medium-tech manufacturing is the main driver of the knowledge-based configuration in a regional economy, while knowledge-intensive services tend to uncouple the economy from the regional configuration. At the level of regions (NUTS-2) Germany's knowledge-based economy is no longer structured in terms of the previous East–West divide of the country, while this divide has prevailed at the level of the states (NUTS-1) that constitute the Federal Republic. However, the effects of high and medium-tech are not specific for the western or eastern parts of the country. The configuration of medium-tech manufacturing can be considered a better indicator of the knowledge-based economy than that of high-tech manufacturing.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: For the case of Germany, this paper contends that the state is a more appropriate basis for analysing innovation systems and their interactions than the federal level. The (sub)systems are modelled here via functions rather than institutions. It is shown via evolutionary dynamics and entropy statistics that medium-tech industry rather than the high-tech of usual policy focus drives German innovation (sub)systems. Prof Leydesdorff contributed the model and its dynamics, plus shared analysis.
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2012 16:56
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2012 10:56
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/37237
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