Remote monitoring of biodynamic activity using electric potential sensors

Harland, C J, Prance, R J and Prance, H (2008) Remote monitoring of biodynamic activity using electric potential sensors. Journal of Physics Conference Series, 142. p. 12042. ISSN 1742-6588

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Abstract

Previous work in applying the electric potential sensor to the monitoring of body electrophysiological signals has shown that it is now possible to monitor these signals without needing to make any electrical contact with the body. Conventional electrophysiology makes use of electrodes which are placed in direct electrical contact with the skin. The electric potential sensor requires no cutaneous electrical contact, it operates by sensing the displacement current using a capacitive coupling. When high resolution body electrophysiology is required a strong (capacitive) coupling is used to maximise the collected signal. However, in remote applications where there is typically an air-gap between the body and the sensor only a weak coupling can be achieved. In this paper we demonstrate that the electric potential sensor can be successfully used for the remote sensing and monitoring of bioelectric activity. We show examples of heart-rate measurements taken from a seated subject using sensors mounted in the chair. We also show that it is possible to monitor body movements on the opposite side of a wall to the sensor. These sensing techniques have biomedical applications for non-contact monitoring of electrophysiological conditions and can be applied to passive through-the-wall surveillance systems for security applications.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
Depositing User: Christopher Harland
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 21:25
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 05:26
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/31183

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