La política del algodón en la España del siglo XVIII [The politics of cotton in 18th century Spain]

Thomson, James K J (2008) La política del algodón en la España del siglo XVIII [The politics of cotton in 18th century Spain]. Revista de Historia Industrial, 36. pp. 15-44. ISSN 1132-7200

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Abstract

Al igual que en el resto de Europa, España hizo frente al flujo creciente de importaciones de algodón de Oriente desde el siglo XVI mediante una serie de restricciones al comercio de productos que contuviesen esta fibra. Antes de la muerte de Carlos II, tales restricciones fueron escasas, discontinuas, distintas en cada región y, en general, ineficaces. Sin embargo, con la subida al trono de Felipe V, se hicieron continuas y cada vez más coordinadas para todo el territorio del Imperio.

La legislación resultante estableció los parámetros con que se desarrolló la moderna industria algodonera española durante el siglo XVIII. El artículo describe este proceso normativo con la intención de identificar los principales determinantes de la legislación y comprender así la forma en que se elaboró la política industrial y comercial durante los últimos años del Antiguo Régimen.

As elsewhere in Europe Spain, confronted by an influx of oriental cotton imports, which originated in the sixteenth century and became significant from the second half of the seventeenth, ended by introducing a range of import restrictions on products containing the fibre. Prior to Charles II's death these were piecemeal, discontinuous, varied from region to region and were generally ineffective but, following the confirmation of Philip V's accession by the treaty of Utrecht, they were continuous and increasingly concerted for Spain's extensive, global territories. The resulting legislation provided the parameters within which Spain's cotton industry progressed during the 18th century. This article describes the legislative process itself, its intention being to identify the main determinants of legislation and thereby provide insights into the manner in which commercial and industrial policy was elaborated during the last years of the Old Regime.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: In Spanish.
Schools and Departments: School of History, Art History and Philosophy > History
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DP History of Spain. Portugal > DP001 Spain
D History General and Old World > DP History of Spain. Portugal > DP001 Spain > DP056 History > DP091 By period > DP161 Modern Spain, 1479/1516- > DP192 1700-1808. Bourbons
Depositing User: James Thomson
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 21:25
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2013 09:24
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/31163
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