Self-stability in biological systems - Studies based on biomechanical models

Wagner, H and Giesl, P (2006) Self-stability in biological systems - Studies based on biomechanical models. In: Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences.

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Abstract

Mechanical properties of complex biological systems are non-linear, e.g. the force-velocity-length relation of muscles, activation dynamics, and the geometric arrangement of antagonistic pair of muscles. The control of such systems is a highly demanding task. Therefore, the question arises whether these mechanical properties of a muscle-skeletal system itself are able to support or guarantee for the stability of a desired movement, indicating self-stability. Self-stability of single joint biological systems were studied based on eigenvalues of the equation of motions and the basins of attraction were analysed using Lyapunov functions. In general, we found selfstability in single muscle contractions (e.g. frog, rat, cui), in human arm and leg movements, the human spine and even in the co-ordination of complex movements such as tennis or basketball. It seems that self-stability may be a general design criterion not only for the mechanical properties of biological systems but also for motor control.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Mathematics
Depositing User: Peter Giesl
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 21:17
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2012 11:02
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/30647
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