Epstein-Barr virus exploits the normal cell pathway to regulate Rb activity during the immortalisation of primary B-cells

Cannell, EJ, Farrell, PJ and Sinclair, AJ (1996) Epstein-Barr virus exploits the normal cell pathway to regulate Rb activity during the immortalisation of primary B-cells. Oncogene, 13 (7). pp. 1413-1421. ISSN 0950-9232

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Abstract

Infection of human primary B-lymphocytes with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) drives quiescent cells into continual proliferation and results in the outgrowth of immortal cell lines. This requires re-programming of the mechanisms that, in the absence of appropriate antigenic stimulation, normally prevent the proliferation of B-lymphocyes. Since the Retinoblastoma protein (pRb) and its relatives, p107 and p130, play critical roles in controlling the mammalian cell division cycle, we have investigated the expression and phosphorylation status of these proteins following EBV immortalisation of primary B-lymphocytes. In this report, me show that EBV drives the hyperphosphorylation of pRb. This is achieved by a strategy involving the altered expression of several components of the signal transduction pathway that normally regulates the phosphorylation status of pRb, including the up regulation of a number of cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases and the down regulation of a subset of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors. The net result is the formation of active cyclin-dependent kinase complexes that are capable of phosphorylating and inactivating pRb. The results presented here identify the activation of a normal signal transduction pathway as an important component of the strategy used by EBV to drive cell proliferation.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Alison Sinclair
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 21:08
Last Modified: 14 May 2012 14:02
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/29754
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