Myosin VI is required for the proper maturation and function of inner hair cell ribbon synapses

Roux, Isabelle, Hosie, Suzanne, Johnson, Stuart L, Bahloul, Amel, Cayet, Nadège, Nouaille, Sylvie, Kros, Corné J, Petit, Christine and Safieddine, Saaid (2009) Myosin VI is required for the proper maturation and function of inner hair cell ribbon synapses. Human Molecular Genetics, 18 (23). pp. 4615-4628. ISSN 0964-6906

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Abstract

The ribbon synapses of auditory inner hair cells (IHCs) undergo morphological and electrophysiological transitions during cochlear development. Here we report that myosin VI (Myo6), an actin-based motor protein involved in genetic forms of deafness, is necessary for some of these changes to occur. By using post-embedding immunogold electron microscopy, we showed that Myo6 is present at the IHC synaptic active zone. In Snell's waltzer mutant mice, which lack Myo6, IHC ionic currents and ribbon synapse maturation proceeded normally until at least post-natal day 6. In adult mutant mice, however, the IHCs displayed immature potassium currents and still fired action potentials, as normally only observed in immature IHCs. In addition, the number of ribbons per IHC was reduced by 30%, and 30% of the remaining ribbons were morphologically immature. Ca2+-dependent exocytosis probed by capacitance measurement was markedly reduced despite normal Ca2+ currents and the large proportion of morphologically mature synapses, which suggests additional defects, such as loose Ca2+-exocytosis coupling or inefficient vesicular supply. Finally, we provide evidence that Myo6 and otoferlin, a putative Ca2+ sensor of synaptic exocytosis also involved in a genetic form of deafness, interact at the IHC ribbon synapse, and we suggest that this interaction is involved in the recycling of synaptic vesicles. Our findings thus uncover essential roles for Myo6 at the IHC ribbon synapse, in addition to that proposed in membrane turnover and anchoring at the apical surface of the hair cells.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Neuroscience
Subjects: Q Science
Depositing User: Corne Kros
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:57
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2013 10:39
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/28811
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