Special effects of ortho-isopropylphenyl groups. Diastereoisomerism in platinum(II) and palladium(II) complexes of helically chiral PAr3 ligands

Wilkinson, Matthew (2005) Special effects of ortho-isopropylphenyl groups. Diastereoisomerism in platinum(II) and palladium(II) complexes of helically chiral PAr3 ligands. Journal of the Chemical Society - Dalton Transactions, 2005 (4). pp. 659-667. ISSN 03009246

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Abstract

The coordination chemistry of the four phosphines, P{C6H3(o-CH3)(p-Z)}3 where Z = H (1a) or OMe (1b) and P{C6H3(o-CHMe2)(p-Z)}3 Z = H (1c) or OMe (1d) with platinum(II) and palladium(II) is reported. Mononuclear complexes trans-[PdCl2L2] (L = 1a,b) and trans-[PtCl2L2] (L = 1a–c) have been prepared and the crystal structures of trans-[PdCl2(1b)2] and trans-[PtCl2(1c)2] as their dichloromethane solvates have been determined. The structures show that in these complexes, the ligands adopt g+g+a conformations. Examination of the Cambridge Structural Database confirms this to be one of only two conformer types that tri-o-tolylphosphines adopt and the only viable conformer in 4 and 6 coordinate complexes. The binuclear complexes trans-[Pd2Cl4L2] (L = 1c,d) are formed even when an excess of the bulky 1c,d is used in the synthesis and the crystal structure of trans-[Pd2Cl4(1c)2] as its chloroform solvate is reported. Reaction of [PtCl2(NCBut)2] with 1b–d in refluxing toluene gave the cycloplatinated species [Pt2Cl2(L − H)2] where L − H is phosphine 1b–d deprotonated at one of the ortho-methyl carbon atoms. Variable temperature 31P and 1H NMR spectroscopy reveals that all the complexes reported are fluxional. The processes are analysed in terms of restricted P–C and P–M rotations that give rise to diastereoisomeric rotamers because of the helically chiral orientations of the aryl substituents. For the complexes of the bulky ligands 1c,d, rotation about the P–C bond is slow on the NMR timescale even up to 75 °C. The crystal structure of the cyclometallated complex [Pt2Cl2(1d − H)2] has been determined.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:56
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2012 08:49
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/28796
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