Effect of alkaline pH and associated Zn on the concentration and total uptake of Cd by lettuce: comparison with predictions from the CLEA model

Podar, Dorina and Ramsey, Michael H (2005) Effect of alkaline pH and associated Zn on the concentration and total uptake of Cd by lettuce: comparison with predictions from the CLEA model. Science of the Total Environment, 347 (1-3). pp. 53-63. ISSN 0048-9697

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Abstract

An eight-fold underestimate of the potential Cd exposure to humans via ingestion of lettuce grown in moderately alkaline soil has been measured experimentally. Current models of Cd uptake by leafy vegetables, which are used in risk assessment (e.g. CLEA in UK) predict higher concentration factors in acid than in alkaline soils. Experimental evidence shows that Cd uptake, although it decreases with increasing pH from acid to neutral soils, increases again in alkaline soils, confirming recent finding from other workers. The concentration of Zn in the soil also significantly affects the uptake of Cd, although this is not included in the current prediction models either. The effect of Zn on the uptake of Cd by plants is greater in slightly alkaline soils (pH 7.7) than in slightly acidic or neutral soils. High concentrations of Zn in soil (1000 mg/kg), which are often associated with elevated Cd levels, further increase the Cd concentration factor to values 12 times higher than that predicted by the CLEA model. This is due in part to the effect of the high soil Zn on reducing the above-ground biomass of the plants.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Evolution, Behaviour and Environment
Depositing User: Michael Ramsey
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:27
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2012 09:11
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/25999
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