Googling for 'opposites': a web-based study of antonym canonicity

Jones, Steven, Paradis, Carita, Murphy, M Lynne and Willners, Caroline (2007) Googling for 'opposites': a web-based study of antonym canonicity. Corpora, 2 (2). pp. 129-155. ISSN 1749-5032

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Abstract

This paper seeks to explain why some semantically-opposed word pairs are more likely to be seen as canonical antonyms (for example, cold/hot) than others (icy/scorching, cold/fiery, freezing/hot, etc.). Specifically, it builds on research which has demonstrated that, in discourse, antonyms are inclined to favour certain frames, such as ‘X and Y alike’, ‘from X to Y’ and ‘either X or Y’ (Justeson and Katz, 1991; etc.), and to serve a limited range of discourse functions (Jones, 2002). Our premise is that the more canonical an antonym pair is, the greater the fidelity with which it will occupy such frames. Since an extremely large corpus is needed to identify meaningful patterns of co-occurrence, we turn to Internet data for this research. As well as enabling the notion of antonym canonicity to be revisited from a more empirical perspective, this approach also allows us to evaluate the appropriateness (and assess the risks) of using the World Wide Web as a corpus for studies into certain types of low-frequency textual phenomena.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Completed under a British Academy Small Grant. Principal Investigator = ML Murphy
Schools and Departments: School of English > English
Depositing User: Steven David Jones
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:27
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2013 09:20
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/25989
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