Cordycepin inhibits protein synthesis and cell adhesion through effects on signal transduction

Clemens, Mike, Barthet-Barateig, Adeline, de Moor, Cornelia, Duffin, Ruth, Meijer, Hedda, Moon, Alice and Wong, Ying Ying (2010) Cordycepin inhibits protein synthesis and cell adhesion through effects on signal transduction. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285 (4). pp. 2610-2621. ISSN 0021-9258

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Abstract

3'-Deoxyadenosine, also known as cordycepin, is a known polyadenylation inhibitor with a large spectrum of biological activities, including anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study we confirm that cordycepin reduces the length of poly(A) tails, with some mRNAs being much more sensitive than others. The low doses of cordycepin that cause poly(A) changes also reduce the proliferation of NIH3T3 fibroblasts. At higher doses of the drug we observed inhibition of cell attachment and a reduction of focal adhesions. Furthermore, we observed a strong inhibition of total protein synthesis that correlates with an inhibition of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling, as observed by reductions in Akt kinase and 4E-binding protein (4EBP) phosphorylation. In 4EBP knock-out cells, the effect of cordycepin on translation is strongly reduced, confirming the role of this modification. In addition, the AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) was shown to be activated. Inhibition of AMPK prevented translation repression by cordycepin and abolished 4EBP1 dephosphorylation, indicating that the effect of cordycepin on mTOR signaling and protein synthesis is mediated by AMPK activation. We conclude that many of the reported biological effects of cordycepin are likely to be due to its effects on mTOR and AMPK signaling.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Prof Mike Clemens
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:25
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2012 15:07
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/25852
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