Characterisation of the SUMO-like domains of Schizosaccharomyces pombe Rad60

Boyd, Lara K, Mercer, Brenda, Thompson, Darren, Main, Ewan and Watts, Felicity W (2010) Characterisation of the SUMO-like domains of Schizosaccharomyces pombe Rad60. PLoS ONE, 5 (9). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

The S. pombe Rad60 protein is required for the repair of DNA double strand breaks, recovery from replication arrest, and is essential for cell viability. It has two SUMO-like domains (SLDs) at its C-terminus, an SXS motif and three sequences that have been proposed to be SUMO-binding motifs (SBMs). SMB1 is located in the middle of the protein, SBM2 is in SLD1 and SBM3 is at the C-terminus of SLD2. We have probed the functions of the two SUMO-like domains, SLD1 and SLD2, and the putative SBMs. SLD1 is essential for viability, while SLD2 is not. rad60-SLD2Δ cells are sensitive to DNA damaging agents and hydroxyurea. Neither ubiquitin nor SUMO can replace SLD1 or SLD2. Cells in which either SBM1 or SBM2 has been mutated are viable and are wild type for response to MMS and HU. In contrast mutation of SBM3 results in significant sensitivity to MMS and HU. These results indicate that the lethality resulting from deletion of SLD1 is not due to loss of SBM2, but that mutation of SBM3 produces a more severe phenotype than does deletion of SLD2. Using chemical denaturation studies, FPLC and dynamic light scattering we show this is likely due to the destabilisation of SLD2. Thus we propose that the region corresponding to the putative SBM3 forms part of the hydrophobic core of SLD2 and is not a SUMO-interacting motif. Over-expression of Hus5, which is the SUMO conjugating enzyme and known to interact with Rad60, does not rescue rad60-SLD2Δ, implying that as well as having a role in the sumoylation process as previously described [1], Rad60 has a Hus5-independent function.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: SUMO-like domains, DNA repair, Schizosaccharomyces pombe Rad60
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Sussex Centre for Genome Damage and Stability
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH0301 Biology > QH0426 Genetics
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH0301 Biology
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Depositing User: Gee Wheatley
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2010
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 15:34
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/2549
Google Scholar:0 Citations

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