The multi-level perspective on sustainability transitions: responses to seven criticisms

Geels, Frank (2011) The multi-level perspective on sustainability transitions: responses to seven criticisms. Journal of Environmental Innovation & Societal Transitions, 1 (1). pp. 24-40. ISSN 2210-4224

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Abstract

The multi-level perspective (MLP) has emerged as a fruitful middle-range framework for analysing socio-technical transitions to sustainability. The MLP also received constructive criticisms. This paper summarises seven criticisms, formulates responses to them, and translates these into suggestions for future research. The criticisms relate to: (1) lack of agency, (2) operationalization of regimes, (3) bias towards bottom-up change models, (4) epistemology and explanatory style, (5) methodology, (6) socio-technical landscape as residual category, (7) flat ontologies versus hierarchical levels.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Depositing User: Frank Geels
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:19
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2012 11:48
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/25400
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