Corporate activities in speech recognition and natural language: another 'new-science' based technology.

Koumpis, Konstantinos and Pavitt, Keith (1999) Corporate activities in speech recognition and natural language: another 'new-science' based technology. International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim), 3. pp. 335-366. ISSN 1363-9196

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Abstract

We have used data on patents and publications, and from an Internet-based survey, to
analyse corporate technological activities in Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) and
Natural Language Processing (NLP) technologies. Two distinct clusters of firms exist:
large firms mainly in telecommunications, desktop computing, and consumer electronics;
and small firms specialising in speech technologies. The small specialised firms depend
heavily on nearby universities and public research institutes, and to some extent on nearby
large firms; their relations with the large firms are complementary as well as competitive.
Similar patterns can be observed in other, recently emerging, “new-science” – based
technologies.
Integration between ASR and NLP has so far been weak with the two research
communities functioning more or less independently, with the former progressing more
rapidly than the latter. Having built technological capabilities in ASR and NLP with a
small proportion of their corporate technological resources, the large firms have two
options depending on the rate of progress in these technologies (especially NLP) in the
future. If it is high, substantial investments (including those in complementary
technologies) could open up massive market opportunities. If it is low, modest
investments will allow the exploitation of niche markets.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:14
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2013 14:41
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/24937
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