Physiological and morphological responses of locally grown Malaysian rice cultivars to different ozone concentrations

Ishii, S, Marshall, F M and Bell, J N B (2004) Physiological and morphological responses of locally grown Malaysian rice cultivars to different ozone concentrations. Water Air and Soil Pollution, 155 (1-4). pp. 205-221. ISSN 0049-6979

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Abstract

Malaysian rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars MR84 and MR185 were grown in greenhouse chambers and exposed to four different levels of ozone from 28th August, 2001 to 22nd January, 2002. Four ozone levels were selected in close relation to the Malaysian peri-urban ambient level (approximately 30 ppb, 8 hr mean), the Malaysian guideline level (approximately 60 ppb) and possible future higher ozone levels (approximately 90 ppb). Both morphological and physiological parameters showed distinctive impacts of ozone treatments. The plants treated with the highest ozone concentration showed different morphological development, probably induced by severe foliar injury and physiological adaptation of the plants to the ozone stress. The physiological measurements revealed a high sensitivity at the early and late vegetative stages. It was concluded that MR84, which was found to be physiologically sensitive, responded to ozone relatively quickly and altered its morphology to compensate for effects on growth and yield, while MR185, found to be physiologically insensitive, responded to ozone stress slowly which resulted in more severe impacts on growth and yield parameters. Slight growth stimulation was observed at the lowest (30 ppb) ozone level for MR185, whilst negative impacts on growth occurred at both of the higher ozone levels. The study provided useful insights into the earlier findings of an open-top chamber filtration study on the same cultivars in the field at a peri-urban site in Malaysia. The present study proved that yield could be reduced substantially when other parameters associated with grain yield were affected, which was accompanied by increasing yellowing of leaves and premature senescence.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The paper studies the impact of various levels of ozone concentration on two prominent cultivars of rice, under laboratory conditions that approximate conditions in Malaysian peri-urban zones. There was found to be significant crop deterioration at relevant levels of `ozone stress. The results are compared with fieldwork studies. Dr Marshall headed the project and acted as lead author.
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Depositing User: Fiona Marshall
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:12
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2012 13:35
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/24697
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