Anterograde Signalling by Nitric Oxide: Characterisation and In Vitro Reconstitution of an Identified Nitrergic Synapse

Park, Ji-Ho, Straub, Volko A and O'Shea, Michael (1998) Anterograde Signalling by Nitric Oxide: Characterisation and In Vitro Reconstitution of an Identified Nitrergic Synapse. Journal of Neuroscience, 18 (14). pp. 5463-5476. ISSN 0270-6474

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Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) is recognized as a signaling molecule in the CNS where it is a candidate retrograde neurotransmitter. Here we provide direct evidence that NO mediates slow excitatory anterograde transmission between the NO synthase (NOS)-expressing B2 neuron and an NO-responsive follower neuron named B7nor. Both are motoneurons located in the buccal ganglia of the snail Lymnaea stagnalis where they participate in feeding behavior. Transmission between B2 and B7nor is blocked by inhibiting NOS and is suppressed by extracellular scavenging of NO. Furthermore, focal application of NO to the cell body of the B7nor neuron causes a depolarization that mimics the effect of B2 activity. The slow interaction between the B2 and B7nor neurons can be re-established when the two neurons are cocultured, and it shows the same susceptibility to NOS inhibition and NO scavenging. In cell culture we have also examined spatial aspects of NO signaling. We show that before the formation of an anatomical connection, the presynaptic neuron can cause depolarizing potentials in the follower neuron at distances up to 50 micro(m). The strength of the interaction increases when the distance between the cells is reduced. Our results suggest that NO can function as both a synaptic and a nonsynaptic signaling molecule

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Neuroscience
Depositing User: Jung Park
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:00
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 03:55
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/23480

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