Hilton, Matt, Lloyd-Davies, Ed, Stanford, S Adam, Stott, John P, Collins, Chris A, Romer, A Kathy, Hosmer, Mark, Hoyle, Ben, Kay, Scott T, Liddle, Andrew R, Mehrtens, Nicola, Miller, Christopher J, Sahlén, Martin and Viana, Pedro T P (2010) THE XMM CLUSTER SURVEY: ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI AND STARBURST GALAXIES IN XMMXCS J2215.9-1738 AT z=1.46. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 718 (1). pp. 133-147. ISSN 0004-637X

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We use Chandra X-ray and Spitzer infrared (IR) observations to explore the active galactic nucleus (AGN) and starburst populations of XMMXCS J2215.9-1738 at z = 1.46, one of the most distant spectroscopically confirmed galaxy clusters known. The high-resolution X-ray imaging reveals that the cluster emission is contaminated by point sources that were not resolved in XMM-Newton observations of the system, and have the effect of hardening the spectrum, leading to the previously reported temperature for this system being overestimated. From a joint spectroscopic analysis of the Chandra and XMM-Newton data, the cluster is found to have temperature T = 4.1(-0.9)(+0.6) keV and luminosity LX = (2.92(-0.35)(+0.24)) x 1044 erg s(-1), extrapolated to a radius of 2 Mpc. As a result of this revised analysis, the cluster is found to lie on the sigma(v)-T relation, but the cluster remains less luminous than would be expected from self-similar evolution of the local L-X-T relation. Two of the newly discovered X-ray AGNs are cluster members, while a third object, which is also a prominent 24 mu m source, is found to have properties consistent with it being a high-redshift, highly obscured object in the background. We find a total of eight > 5 sigma 24 mu m sources associated with cluster members (four spectroscopically confirmed and four selected using photometric redshifts) and one additional 24 mu m source with two possible optical/near-IR counterparts that may be associated with the cluster. Examining the Infrared Array Camera colors of these sources, we find that one object is likely to be an AGN. Assuming that the other 24 mu m sources are powered by star formation, their IR luminosities imply star formation rates similar to 100 M-circle dot yr(-1). We find that three of these sources are located at projected distances of <250 kpc from the cluster center, suggesting that a large amount of star formation may be taking place in the cluster core, in contrast to clusters at low redshift.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: Edward Lloyd-Davies
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:00
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2012 10:54
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