Searching for patterns of amino acids in 3D protein structures

Spriggs, Ruth V, Artymiuk, Peter J and Willett, Peter (2003) Searching for patterns of amino acids in 3D protein structures. Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Sciences, 43 (2). pp. 412-421. ISSN 0095-2338

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Abstract

This paper describes the program ASSAM, which has been developed to search for patterns of amino acid side-chains in the 3D structures in the Protein Data Bank. ASSAM represents an amino acid by a vector drawn from the main chain towards the functional part of the amino acid and then computes a graph representation of a protein in which the individual side-chain vectors are the nodes and the intervector distances are the edges. The presence of a query pattern in a Protein Data Bank structure can then be searched for by means of a subgraph isomorphism algorithm. Recent enhancements to ASSAM allow searches to include the following: the main-chain structure in addition to the side-chains; the secondary structure and solvent accessibility of side-chains; allowable distances from a known binding-site; disulfide bridges; and improved generic and wild-card queries. The effectiveness of these approaches is demonstrated by extensive searches of the Protein Data Bank for typical 3D query patterns.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: First author
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Ruth Spriggs
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:51
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2012 15:34
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/22548
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