The dynamics of justice and home affairs: laboratories, driving factors and costs

Monar, Jorg (2001) The dynamics of justice and home affairs: laboratories, driving factors and costs. Journal of Common Market Studies, 39 (4). pp. 747-764. ISSN 0021-9886

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Abstract

The rapid development of justice and home affairs into a major field of EU policy-making since the beginning of the 1990s can be explained by a combination of specific `laboratories' which helped pave the way ¿ and `driving factors¿ which triggered development and expansion. Whereas the Council of Europe, Trevi and Schengen have served as effective laboratories, new or increasing transnational challenges to internal security, Member States' interests in a `Europeanization' of certain national problems and the dynamic of its own generated by the launching of the `area of freedom, security and justice¿ as a major political project have all acted as major driving forces. Yet the rapid development has also had its price in terms of deficits in parliamentary and judicial control, complexity and fragmentation, an uneven development of the main justice and home affairs policy areas and a tendency towards restriction and exclusion.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article provided one of the first attempts at an overall explanation of why and how justice and home affairs (JHA) have developed into one of the most dynamic EU policy-making domains since the mid-1990s. It brings out the importance of TREVI and Schengen cooperation as precursors and laboratories, the impact of negative "spill-over" effects from the internal market in the field of internal security, and of certain increased international pressures (such as in the migration field), as well as the interests of some member states in "Europeanising" JHA issues in order to both reduce domestic political pressures and enhance the effectiveness of national policy-responses. The article also highlights the "costs" these very factors have engendered in terms of complexity and democratic and judicial control deficits.
Schools and Departments: School of Law, Politics and Sociology > Politics
Depositing User: Jorg Monar
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:50
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2012 09:49
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/22470
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