Evaluating three theory-based interventions to increase physicians' recommendations of smoking cessation services

Vogt, Florian, Hall, Sue, Hankins, Matthew and Marteau, Theresa M. (2009) Evaluating three theory-based interventions to increase physicians' recommendations of smoking cessation services. Health Psychology, 28 (2). pp. 174-182. ISSN 0278-6133

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Abstract

1. Objective: To evaluate three theory-based interventions aimed at increasing the rate at which primary care physicians recommend smoking cessation services to smokers. Design: Primary care physicians (n = 251) were randomized to one of four conditions: (a) information based on social cognitive theory (SCT) targeting outcome expectations, (b) information based on SCT + elaboration likelihood model, (c) feedback based on self-perception theory, or (d) control. Main Outcome Measures: Intentions to recommend and self-reported recommendations of smoking cessation services 1 week postintervention. Results: Data were analyzed using covariance and mean structure analysis. Compared with the control group, only the SCT group reported more frequently recommending services (mean difference = 1.1 recommendations per week, Cohen's d = 0.46) and higher intentions. Mediation analysis was consistent with increased intentions resulting from changes in outcome expectations. There was no evidence that changes in intentions explained self-reported behavior change. Conclusion: The study provides preliminary “proof of principle” for further studies incorporating more robust outcome measures. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Division of Medical Education
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Caroline Brooks
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2009
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2012 16:53
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/2231
Google Scholar:13 Citations
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