Quantitative Trait Loci for Component Physiological Traits Determining Salt Tolerance in Rice

Koyama, Mikiko L, Levesley, Aurora, Koebner, Robert M D, Flowers, Timothy J and Yeo, Anthony R (2001) Quantitative Trait Loci for Component Physiological Traits Determining Salt Tolerance in Rice. Plant Physiology, 125 (1). pp. 406-422. ISSN 0032-0889

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Abstract

Rice (Oryza sativa) is sensitive to salinity, which affects one-fifth of irrigated land worldwide. Reducing sodium and chloride uptake into rice while maintaining potassium uptake are characteristics that would aid growth under saline conditions. We describe genetic determinants of the net quantity of ions transported to the shoot, clearly distinguishing between quantitative trait loci (QTL) for the quantity of ions in a shoot and for those that affect the concentration of an ion in the shoot. The latter coincide with QTL for vegetative growth (vigor) and their interpretation is therefore ambiguous. We distinguished those QTL that are independent of vigor and thus directly indicate quantitative variation in the underlying mechanisms of ion uptake. These QTL independently govern sodium uptake, potassium uptake, and sodium:potassium selectivity. The QTL for sodium and potassium uptake are on different linkage groups (chromosomes). This is consistent with the independent inheritance of sodium and potassium uptake in the mapping population and with the mechanistically different uptake pathways for sodium and potassium in rice under saline conditions (apoplastic leakage and membrane transport, respectively). We report the chromosomal location of ion transport and selectivity traits that are compatible with agronomic needs and we indicate markers to assist selection in a breeding program. Based upon knowledge of the underlying mechanisms of ion uptake in rice, we argue that QTL for sodium transport are likely to act through the control of root development, whereas QTL for potassium uptake are likely to act through the structure or regulation of membrane-sited transport components.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: One of the very first papers to show QTL for traits associated with salt tolerance in plants. The result of a programme devised and lead by Flowers and Yeo; practical work by Levesley and Koyama; Koebner was a minor contributor; Koyama analysed the data.
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Evolution, Behaviour and Environment
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > QK0710 Plant physiology
Depositing User: Tim Flowers
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:47
Last Modified: 15 May 2012 09:16
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/22181
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