Biosecurity, Bioterrorism and the Governance of Science: the increasing convergence of science and security policy

McLeish, Caitriona and Nightingale, Paul (2007) Biosecurity, Bioterrorism and the Governance of Science: the increasing convergence of science and security policy. Research Policy, 36 (10). pp. 1635-1654.

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Abstract

Science and security policy are increasingly overlapping because of concerns that legitimate research might be misapplied to
develop biological weapons. This has led to an expansion of security policy to cover broad areas of research and scientific practice,
including funding, publishing, peer-review, employment, materials transfer, post-graduate teaching and academics’ ability to design
and perform experiments and disseminate research. Such changes raise policy concerns because many of the technologies used to
produce biological weapons are ‘dual use’ and have legitimate peaceful applications. As a result, attempts to control their generation,
diffusion or application can have unintended impacts on socially beneficial applications. This paper explores recent changes in the
governance of science and technology and contributes to future policy making by assessing the relative merits of understanding the
development of dual use policy in terms of either technology transfer or technology convergence.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Depositing User: Caitriona McLeish
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:42
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2012 08:34
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/21842
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