SPECTROSCOPIC IDENTIFICATIONS OF SPITZER SOURCES IN THE SWIRE/XMM-NEWTON/ELAIS-S1 FIELD: A LARGE FRACTION OF ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI WITH HIGH F(24 mu m)/F(R) RATIO

Sacchi, N, La Franca, F, Fiore, F, Puccetti, S, Cocchia, F, Berta, S, Brusa, M, Cimatti, A, Comastri, A, Franceschini, A, Gruppioni, C, Maiolino, R, Matute, I, Polletta, M, Pozzetti, L, Pozzi, F, Vignali, C, Zamorani, G, Oliver, S, Rowan-Robinson, M, Smith, G and Lonsdale, C (2009) SPECTROSCOPIC IDENTIFICATIONS OF SPITZER SOURCES IN THE SWIRE/XMM-NEWTON/ELAIS-S1 FIELD: A LARGE FRACTION OF ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI WITH HIGH F(24 mu m)/F(R) RATIO. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 703 (2). pp. 1778-1790. ISSN 0004-637X

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Abstract

We present a catalog of optical spectroscopic identifications of sources detected by Spitzer at 3.6 or 24 mu m down to similar to 10 and similar to 280 mu Jy, respectively, in the SWIRE/XMM-Newton/ELAIS-S1 field and classified via line width analysis and diagnostic diagrams. A total of 1376 sources down to R similar to 24.2 mag have been identified (1362 detected at 3.6 mu m, 419 at 24 mu m, and 405 at both) by low-resolution optical spectroscopy carried out with FORS2, VIMOS, and EFOSC2 at the Very Large Telescope and 3.6 m ESO telescope. The spectroscopic campaigns have been carried out over the central 0.6 deg(2) area of ELAIS-S1 which, in particular, has also been observed by XMM-Newton and Chandra. We find the first direct optical spectroscopic evidence that the fraction of active galactic nuclei (AGNs; mostly AGN2) increases with increasing F(24 mu m)/F(R) ratio, reaching values of 70(+/- 20)% in the range 316 < F(24 mu m)/F(R) < 1000. We present an Infrared Array Camera - Multiband Imaging Photometer color - color diagram able to separate AGN1 from obscured AGN2 candidates. After having corrected for the spectroscopic incompleteness of our sample, the result is that the AGN fraction at F(24 mu m) similar to 0.8 mJy is similar to 22(+/- 7)% and decreases slowly to similar to 19(+/- 5)% down to F(24 mu m) similar to 0.3 mJy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: There are other external co-authors not recorded et al.
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:42
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2012 17:04
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/21827
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