Molecular structure of the N-terminal domain of the APC/C subunit Cdc27 reveals a homo-dimeric tetratricopeptide repeat architecture

Roe, Mark, Alaoui, Hicham, Barford, David, Diogon, Marie, Kong, Eric and Zhang, Ziguo (2010) Molecular structure of the N-terminal domain of the APC/C subunit Cdc27 reveals a homo-dimeric tetratricopeptide repeat architecture. Journal of Molecular Biology, 397 (5). pp. 1316-1328. ISSN 0022-2836

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Abstract

The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a large multi-subunit E3 ubiquitin ligase that targets specific cell cycle regulatory proteins for ubiquitin-dependent degradation, thereby controlling cell cycle events such as the metaphase to anaphase transition and the exit from mitosis. Biochemical and genetic studies are consistent with the notion that subunits of APC/C are organised into two distinct sub-complexes; a catalytic sub-complex including the cullin domain and RING finger subunits Apc2 and Apc11, respectively, and a tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) sub-complex composed of the TPR subunits Cdc16, Cdc23 and Cdc27 (Apc3). Here, we describe the crystal structure of the N-terminal domain of Encephalitozoon cuniculi Cdc27 (Cdc27Nterm), revealing a homo-dimeric structure, composed predominantly of successive TPR motifs. Mutation of the Cdc27Nterm dimer interface destabilises the protein, disrupts dimerisation in solution, and abolishes the capacity of E. cuniculi Cdc27 to complement Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc27 in vivo. These results establish the existence of functional APC/C genes in E. cuniculi, the evolutionarily conserved dimeric properties of Cdc27, and provide a framework for understanding the architecture of full-length Cdc27.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Mark Roe
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:36
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2012 13:23
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/21480
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