Action indirecte: politique, identité et subversion chez Claude Cahun et Marcel Moore dans la résistance à l'occupation nazie de Jersey

Thynne, Lizzie (2007) Action indirecte: politique, identité et subversion chez Claude Cahun et Marcel Moore dans la résistance à l'occupation nazie de Jersey. Paragraphes: Claude Cahun: contexte, posture, filiation. Pour une esthetique de L'Entre-Deux., 27. pp. 61-84. ISSN 0843-5235

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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Thynne is one of two UK scholars featured in this special issue of Paragraphes, which is the first collection to examine Claude Cahun as an intermedia artist whose work and life anticipates contemporary practice in interrogating boundaries between genres, media and forms of social and political identity. The article is the first detailed analysis of how the ingenious counter-propaganda campaign by Claude Cahun (Lucy Schwob) and Marcel Moore (Suzanne Malherbe) against the German Occupation of Jersey was an extension of their artistic practice and pre-war involvement with revolutionary politics. In an attempt that was unique amongst the Surrealists, and unlike contemporaries such as Paul Eluard who embraced Communist orthodoxy, the women maintained the radical relativism of their approach to gender, meaning and identity in resisting totalitarianism. A close examination of Cahun¿s post-war letters and the extant leaflets the women distributed reveal how they appropriated and inverted Nazi discourse to promote defeatism amongst the German troops through carnivalesque montage, black humour and the ludic voice of their adopted persona, the `Soldier without a Name¿. Thynne shows not only how their tactics realized André Breton¿s theorization of black humour but connected with the satirical inversions of Dada. Although the article returns to the subject of Cahun and Moore's resistance activity which was creatively evoked in the final part of Thynne's film 'Playing a Part: the story of Claude Cahun¿(2004), it draws on new primary sources and places this activity in the context of a much wider analysis of pre-war Surrealist opposition to Stalinism, fascism and nationalism as well as Cahun's own discussion of the relationship between art and revolution in her key 1934 pamphlet, 'Place Your Bets'.
Schools and Departments: School of Media, Film and Music > Media and Film
Depositing User: Lizzie Thynne
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:35
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2012 11:18
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/21372
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