Density functional calculations on the intricacies of Moire patterns on graphite

Campanera, J M, Savini, G, Suarez-Martinez, I and Heggie, M I (2007) Density functional calculations on the intricacies of Moire patterns on graphite. Physical Review B, 75 (23). Art. No. 235449. ISSN 1098-0121

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Abstract

Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) imaging has detected a wealth of puzzling features on the surface of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite, among them, anomalously large superperiodicities, called Moiré patterns, caused by the lattice-mismatched top layer of graphite. Exactly, the top graphene layer rotates with respect to the graphite substrate. Such rotation gives rise to different types of local stackings in the different surface graphite regions. As STM mapping is highly dependent on the differences of local density of states of the graphite surface at the Fermi level, variations in brightness differentiate graphite regions with different local stackings. Bright areas (visible graphite areas) correspond to AABABAB... local graphite stackings, whereas dark areas (hidden graphite areas) to BABABAB... or CABABAB... ones. We have programmed an algorithm which first built systematically the whole range of Moiré structures and afterwards quantified the percentages of the different local graphite stackings. Finally, periodic density functional theory calculations have been performed on a selection of Moiré structures in order to draw the energy profile of the rotation between two graphene layers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: GS supervised JMC and SM, the study wrote a Fortan code to create all the Moiré atomic structures and co authored the paper on an equal basis with MH.
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Depositing User: Josep CampaneraAlsina
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:33
Last Modified: 15 May 2012 13:41
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/21251
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