Dynamics in socio-technical systems: Typology of change processes and contrasting case studies

Geels, Frank W and Kemp, Rene (2007) Dynamics in socio-technical systems: Typology of change processes and contrasting case studies. Technology in Society, 29 (4). pp. 441-455. ISSN 0160791X

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Abstract

This paper deals with fundamental change processes in socio-technical systems. It offers a typology of changes based on a multi-level perspective of innovation. Three types of change processes are identified: reproduction, transformation and transition. 'Reproduction' refers to incremental change along existing trajectories. 'Transformation' refers to a change in the direction of trajectories, related to a change in rules that guide innovative action. 'Transition' refers to a discontinuous shift to a new trajectory and system. Using the multi-level perspective, the underlying mechanisms of these change processes are identified. The transformation and transition processes are empirically illustrated by two contrasting case studies: the hygienic transition from cesspools to integrated sewer systems (1870-1930) and the transformation in waste management (1960-2000) in the Netherlands.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Depositing User: Frank Geels
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:33
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2012 16:13
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/21244
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