Multielement analysis of coal by ICP techniques using solution nebulization and laser ablation

Rodushkin, Ilia, Axelsson, Mikael D and Burman, Erik (2000) Multielement analysis of coal by ICP techniques using solution nebulization and laser ablation. Talanta, 51 (4). pp. 743-759. ISSN 00399140

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Abstract

The combination of inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry and high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the determination of 70 elements in coal were studied. Four microwave- assisted digestion procedures with different dissolution mixtures (nitric and hydrofluoric acids, aqua regia and hydrogen peroxide), lithium metaborate fusion with and without previous sample ashing as well as direct sampling by laser ablation (LA) have been tested. Examples of spectral interferences are given and different correction procedures are discussed. Detection limits in the low ng g-1 range were obtained for most of the elements investigated by using high-purity reagents and by taking special care to prevent sample contamination during preparation. The precision was assessed from replicate analysis (including sample preparation) of coal samples and was found to be, as average values far all elements, 4-5% RSD and 10-15% RSD for procedures including sample digestion and LA sampling, respectively. The accuracy of the overall analytical procedures was estimated by analysis of certified reference materials and of a coal sample obtained from the Interlab Trace round robin test. Among the dissolution mixtures tested, the combination of nitric and hydrofluoric acids with hydrogen peroxide provide the best agreement with certified, recommended, literature-compiled or consensus values, though fusion is necessary to obtain quantitative recoveries for Si, Cr, Hf, W, Zr, Y. In general, results obtained by LA fall within ± 20% of those obtained after digestion.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Mathematics
Depositing User: Erik Burman
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:18
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2012 08:26
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/19979
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