Modelling of surface relaxation and melting of aluminium

Cox, Hazel, Johnston, Roy and Murrell, John N (1997) Modelling of surface relaxation and melting of aluminium. Surface Science, 373 (1). 67 - 84. ISSN 00396028

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Abstract

An empirical potential energy function, comprising two-and three-body terms, has been derived for aluminium. This potential reproduces the experimental energies and relaxations of the (111), (110) and (100) surfaces of fcc Al to a high degree of accuracy. The melting of bulk fcc Al and its low index surfaces has been studied in detail by employing Monte Carlo simulation techniques. Melting has been defined in terms of a number of calculated quantities: order parameters, density profiles and radial distribution functions. The many-body potential overestimates the bulk melting temperature (Tm ¿ 1275±25 K) by approximately 37% but reproduces the sharp melting transition observed experimentally. To obtain a melting point in agreement with experiment we would need to lower the energy scaling parameter (determined from room temperature data) by 37%. The potential also indicates that the relatively open (110) surface melts about 200 K below the bulk, while the denser (100) surface does not melt until Tm. These findings are again in good agreement with experiment and with previous calculations.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Depositing User: Hazel Cox
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 18:45
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2012 14:47
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/18145
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