Educational attainment and Juvenile Crime: Area-Level Evidence Using Three Cohorts of Young People

Sabates, Ricardo (2008) Educational attainment and Juvenile Crime: Area-Level Evidence Using Three Cohorts of Young People. British Journal of Criminology, 48 (3). pp. 395-409. ISSN 0007-0955

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Abstract

This paper provides an estimation of the impact of educational attainment on juvenile conviction rates using information at the Local Education Authority in England. The empirical analysis uses aggregate conviction rates over time for three cohorts of young people, born between 1981 and 1983, and their corresponding educational attainments, poverty indicators, time away from school and school resources. Results using mixed-effects models show that the increase in educational attainment between cohorts is associated with reductions in conviction rates for most offences (burglary, theft, criminal damage and drug related offences) but not for violent crime. Reductions in poverty are associated with decreasing conviction rates for violent crime, criminal damage and drug related offences whereas increasing unauthorised time away from school is associated with higher convictions rates for theft. The results are important as they complement current empirical studies by looking both at the impact of education on cohort-specific conviction rates over time as well as on the differential impact by type of offence.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Education and Social Work > Education
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Ricardo Sabates
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 18:40
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2012 15:07
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/17663
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