Domain structure, localization, and function of DNA polymerase η, defective in xeroderma pigmentosum variant cells

Kannouche, Patricia, Broughton, Bernard C, Volker, Marcel, Hanaoka, Fumio, Mullenders, Leon H F and Lehmann, Alan R (2001) Domain structure, localization, and function of DNA polymerase η, defective in xeroderma pigmentosum variant cells. Genes and Development, 15 (2). pp. 158-172. ISSN 0890-9369

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Abstract

DNA polymerase ¿ carries out translesion synthesis past UV photoproducts and is deficient in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) variants. We report that pol¿ is mostly localized uniformly in the nucleus but is associated with replication foci during S phase. Following treatment of cells with UV irradiation or carcinogens, it accumulates at replication foci stalled at DNA damage. The C-terminal third of pol¿ is not required for polymerase activity. However, the C-terminal 70 aa are needed for nuclear localization and a further 50 aa for relocalization into foci. Pol¿ truncations lacking these domains fail to correct the defects in XP-variant cells. Furthermore, we have identified mutations in two XP variant patients that leave the polymerase motifs intact but cause loss of the localization domains.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Sussex Centre for Genome Damage and Stability
Depositing User: Marcel Volker
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 18:29
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2012 11:03
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/16750
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