Bound by Our Constitution: Women Workers and the Minimum Wage

Hart, Vivien (1994) Bound by Our Constitution: Women Workers and the Minimum Wage. Princeton Studies in American Politics . Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, xv 255. ISBN 9780691034805

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Abstract

What difference does a written constitution make to public policy? How have women workers fared in a nation bound by constitutional principles, compared with those not covered by formal, written guarantees of fair procedure or equitable outcome? To investigate these questions, Vivien Hart traces the evolution of minimum wage policies in the United States and Britain from their common origins in women's politics around 1900 to their divergent outcomes in our day. She argues, contrary to common wisdom, that the advantage has been with the American constitutional system rather than the British.

Basing her analysis on primary research, Hart reconstructs legal strategies and policy decisions that revolved around the recognition of women as workers and the public definition of gender roles. Contrasting seismic shifts and expansion in American minimum wage policy with indifference and eventual abolition in Britain, she challenges preconceptions about the constraints of American constitutionalism versus British flexibility. Though constitutional requirements did block and frustrate women's attempts to gain fair wages, they also, as Hart demonstrates, created a terrain in the United States for principled debate about women, work, and the state--and a momentum for public policy--unparalleled in Britain. Hart's book should be of interest to policy, labor, women's, and legal historians, to political scientists, and to students of gender issues, law, and social policy.

Item Type: Book
Additional Information: Choice Outstanding Academic Book 1995
Schools and Departments: School of History, Art History and Philosophy > American Studies
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 18:10
Last Modified: 29 May 2012 08:17
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/15033
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