Effects of verbal information on fear-related reasoning biases in children

Muris, Peter, Rassin, Eric, Mayer, Birgit, Smeets, Guus, Huijding, Jorg, Remmerswaal, Daniëlle and Field, Andy (2009) Effects of verbal information on fear-related reasoning biases in children. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 47 (3). pp. 206-214. ISSN 0005-7967

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Abstract

The present study made an attempt to induce fear-related reasoning biases by providing children with negative information about a novel stimulus. For this purpose, non-clinical children aged 9-12 years (N = 318) were shown a picture of an unknown animal for which they received either negative, ambiguous, positive, or no information. Then children completed a series of tests for measuring various types of reasoning biases (i.e., confirmation bias and covariation bias) in relation to this animal. Results indicated that children in the negative and, to a lesser extent, the ambiguous information groups displayed higher scores on tests of fear-related reasoning biases than children in the positive and no information groups. Altogether, these results support the idea that learning via negatively tinted information plays a role in the development of fear-related cognitive distortions in youths. 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Andy Field
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 15:50
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2012 08:48
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/14667
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