The association between parent's and healthcare professional's behaviour and children's coping and distress during venepuncture

Mahoney, Liam, Ayers, Susan and Seddon, Paul (2010) The association between parent's and healthcare professional's behaviour and children's coping and distress during venepuncture. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 35 (9). pp. 985-995. ISSN 0146-8693

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Abstract

Objectives Examine the association between children's distress and coping during venepuncture with parent's and healthcare professional's behavior in a sample from the UK. Methods Fifty children aged 7-16 years accompanied by a carer were videotaped while having venepuncture. Verbalizations of children, parents, and healthcare professionals were coded using the Child Adult Medical Procedure Interaction Scale-Revised. Results Children's distress was associated with child's age, anxiety, and distress promoting behavior of adults (R-2=.91). Children's coping was associated with age, anxiety, and coping promoting behaviors of adults (R-2=.57). Associations were stronger between healthcare professional's behavior and child coping; and between parent's behaviors and child distress. Empathizing, apologizing, and criticism were not frequently used by adults in this sample (< 12%). Conclusion This study supports and extends previous research showing adult's behavior is important in children's distress and coping during needle procedures. Clinical implications and methodological issues are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Susan Ayers
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 15:42
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2012 10:31
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/14020
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