Associations between appearance-related self-discrepancies and young women's and men's affect, body satisfaction, and emotional eating: a comparison of fixed-item and participant-generated self-discrepancies

Halliwell, Emma and Dittmar, Helga (2006) Associations between appearance-related self-discrepancies and young women's and men's affect, body satisfaction, and emotional eating: a comparison of fixed-item and participant-generated self-discrepancies. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32 (4). pp. 447-458. ISSN 0146-1672

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Abstract

This study examines the associations between appearance related, actual-ideal self-discrepancies-from both own and romantic partner's standpoints-and negative affect, body satisfaction, and eating behavior. It extends previous research through studying both genders and the romantic partner standpoint, but its main novel contribution is a systematic comparison between idiographic, participant-generated, and nomothetic, fixed-item measures of appearance-related self-discrepancies. The findings show that these measures cannot be, and should not be, treated as equivalent. The idiographic measures were superior in predicting outcome variables when considering the own standpoint. Nomothetic measures did demonstrate some gender-specific associations, but only from the romantic partner standpoint, and only for women. These findings can be explained with respect to the assessment of accessible, versus available, self-discrepancies. Implications for self-discrepancy and body image theory and research are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Senior author. Halliwell was Dittmar's research student.
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Helga Dittmar
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 15:41
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2017 09:46
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13940
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