Body image and self-esteem among adolescent girls: Testing the influence of sociocultural factors

Clay, Daniel, Vignoles, Vivian L. and Dittmar, Helga (2005) Body image and self-esteem among adolescent girls: Testing the influence of sociocultural factors. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 15 (4). pp. 451-477. ISSN 0743-5584

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Abstract

In Western cultures, girls' self-esteem declines substantially during middle adolescence, with changes in body image proposed as a possible explanation. Body image develops in the context of sociocultural factors, such as unrealistic media images of female beauty. In a study of 136 U.K. girls aged 11 16, experimental exposure to either ultra-thin or average-size magazine models lowered body satisfaction and, consequently, self-esteem. Self-esteem was also lower among older than among younger girls. Structural equation modeling showed that this age trend was partially accounted for by a corresponding downward trend in body satisfaction; this, in turn, was fully accounted for by upward age trends in awareness and internalization of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance, and in social comparison with media models. Results support calls for early educational interventions to help girls to deconstruct advertising and media images.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Vivian Vignoles
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 15:39
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2012 11:39
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13762
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