What makes labour and birth traumatic? A survey of intrapartum 'hotspots'

Harris, Rachel and Ayers, Susan (2012) What makes labour and birth traumatic? A survey of intrapartum 'hotspots'. Psychology and Health, 27 (10). pp. 1166-1177. ISSN 0887-0446

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Abstract

Evidence suggests between 1% and 6% of women develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth. 'Hotspots' are moments of extreme distress during traumatising events that are implicated in symptoms of PTSD. This cross-sectional internet survey of hotspots examined (1) the content of intrapartum hotspots and (2) whether particular events, cognitions or emotions during hotspots are related to PTSD. Women (N = 675) who experienced a difficult or traumatic birth completed a questionnaire composed of a validated measure of PTSD, questions concerning the existence of hotspots, and a newly developed measure of emotions and cognitions during hotspots. The majority of women (67.4%) reported at least one hotspot during birth and 52.9% had re-experiencing symptoms of these hotspots. Women were more likely to have PTSD if hotspots involved fear and lack of control (odds ratio (OR) 1.30, 95% CI 1.17-1.43) or intrapartum dissociation (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.05-1.19). Risk of PTSD was higher if hotspots concerned interpersonal difficulties (OR 4.34, 95% CI 2.15-8.77) or obstetric complications (OR 3.35, 95% CI 1.64-6.87) compared to complications with the baby

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Susan Ayers
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2013 14:40
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2013 14:40
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13593
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