Data-driven recognition memory: A new technique and some data on age differences

Parkin, AJ, Ward, Jamie, Squires, EJ, Furbear, H, Clark, A and Townshend, J (2001) Data-driven recognition memory: A new technique and some data on age differences. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 8 (4). pp. 812-819. ISSN 1069-9384

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Abstract

In this study, we investigate the effect on recognition memory of having target and distractor stimuli consisting of different combinations of low-level elements (letters), relative to when targets and distractors consist of combinations of the same elements (nonoverlap and overlap conditions, respectively). It was found that recognition memory was enhanced in the nonoverlap, condition, even though subjects reported being unaware of this experimental manipulation. This confirms the importance of perceptually driven processing in the implicit memory component of recognition memory. The extent to which this effect occurs is found to be age dependent, with elderly subjects benefiting more from having targets and distractors consisting of nonoverlapping elements. This is consistent with the notion that elderly subjects show less reliance on item-specific/contextual detail to support recognition memory.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Jamie Ward
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 15:36
Last Modified: 18 May 2012 13:18
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13470
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