The relation between phonological awareness and working memory

Oakhill, Jane and Kyle, Fiona (2000) The relation between phonological awareness and working memory. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 75 (2). pp. 152-164. ISSN 0022-0965

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Abstract

Previous research has failed to show a relation between children's working memory and performance on the phonological sound categorization task (M. J. Snowling, C. Hulme, A. Smith, & J. Thomas, 1994). However, the test used to assess working memory in that experiment was more comparable to a short-term memory task, which assesses storage capacity, than to a working memory task, which has both storage and processing components. In the present study, we compared the predictive power of both types of memory tasks on 2 measures of phonological awareness, the sound categorization task and a phoneme deletion task, in 7- and 8-year-olds (mean age = 8 years 1 month). The children's reading ability was also assessed. Fixed-order multiple-regression analyses showed that the sound categorization task has a higher working memory demand than the phoneme deletion task: Working memory predicted independent variance in performance only on the sound categorization task. The short-term memory task did not account for significant independent variance in performance on either of the measures of phonological awareness.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Jane Oakhill
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 15:34
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2012 10:04
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13306
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