Prior familiarity with components enhances unconscious learning of relations.

Scott, Ryan and Dienes, Zoltan (2010) Prior familiarity with components enhances unconscious learning of relations. Consciousness and Cognition, 19 (1). pp. 413-418. ISSN 1053-8100

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Abstract

The influence of prior familiarity with components on the implicit learning of relations was examined using artificial grammar learning. Prior to training on grammar strings, participants were familiarised with either the novel symbols used to construct the strings or with irrelevant geometric shapes. Participants familiarised with the relevant symbols showed greater accuracy when judging the correctness of new grammar strings. Familiarity with elemental components did not increase conscious awareness of the basis for discriminations (structural knowledge) but increased accuracy even in its absence. The subjective familiarity of test strings predicted grammaticality judgments. However, prior exposure to relevant symbols did not increase overall test string familiarity or reliance on familiarity when making grammaticality judgments. Familiarity with the symbols increased the learning of relations between them (bigrams and trigrams) thus resulting in greater familiarity for grammatical versus ungrammatical strings. The results have important implications for models of implicit learning.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Ryan Scott
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 15:33
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2012 09:01
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13255
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