Classification of disease subgroup and correlation with disease severity using magnetic resonance imaging whole-brain histograms: application to magnetization transfer ratios and multiple sclerosis

Dehmeshki, J., Barker, G.J. and Tofts, P.S. (2002) Classification of disease subgroup and correlation with disease severity using magnetic resonance imaging whole-brain histograms: application to magnetization transfer ratios and multiple sclerosis. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 21 (4). pp. 320-331. ISSN 0278-0062

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Abstract

This paper presents a new approach to characterize subtle diffuse changes in multiple sclerosis (MS) using histograms derived from magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) images. Two major parts dominate our histogram analysis; (1) Classification of MTR histograms into control and MS subgroups; (2) Correlation with current disability, as measured by the EDSS scale (a measure of disease severity). Two data reduction schemes are used to reduce the complexity of the analysis: linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and principal component analysis (PCA). LDA is better for the classification of MTR histograms as it takes into account the between-class variation. By using LDA, the space of MTR histograms is transformed to the optimal discriminant space for a nearest mean classifier. In contrast, PCA is useful for correlation with current disability as it takes into account the variation within each subgroup in its process. A multiple regression analysis is used to evaluate the multiple correlation of those principal components with the degree of disability in MS. This is the first application of such classification and correlation techniques to magnetic resonance imaging histogram data. Our MTR histogram analysis approach give improved classification success and improved correlation compared with methods that use traditional histogram features such as peak height and peak location

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Subjects: ?? RC78 ??
Depositing User: SRO Admin
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2007
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 08:03
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/1193
Google Scholar:23 Citations

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